Every cathedral must assign a master to teach boys too poor to pay the regular fee. This move to worldly knowledge necessitated the need for the renewal of classical concepts. The Enlightenment of the late 17th and the 18th century called for the re-examination of classical concepts and helped emphasize many of the key points of classical education, including the idea that reason requires knowledge, and that reasoning skills are necessary to succeed in any society. He had a “correct” attitude toward the world and people, a certain spiritual freedom, and an independent judgment—all of which, in Montaigne’s view, were more important than being steeped in knowledge. Ideas of national unity in early 19th century Europe were closely allied to the ideology of liberalism. Abstract. Agriculture … The 18th century planted the seeds that would grow into the structures of the Industrial Revolution and beyond. We will focus on the importance of books as physical objects and the raw material of literature--namely, paper. Sixteenth century humanism explored and promoted the ideas of the Classics as their movement swept across Europe. eds. Cody, D. “The Mock Epic as Genre.” The Victorian Web. Still with It self compar’d, his Text peruse; The cottage industry, agricultural revolution, and work lives of Europeans were important and significant elements of European life in the eighteenth century; but they are an incomplete representation. http://andromeda.rutgers.edu/~jlynch/Terms/index.html, http://andromeda.rutgers.edu/~jlynch/Johnson/, http://www.theobjectivestandard.com/issues/2007-summer/false-promise-classical-education.asp** 8 molding of boys into enlightened, cultivated responsible! 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